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T cell

A type of lymphocyte, a white blood cell that fights infection.

T-cell

A kind of lymphocyte, a type of white blood cell that fights infection.

tabes dorsalis

A rare complication of untreated syphilis.

tachycardia

An abnormally fast heart rate of over 100 beats per minute

tactile

Relating to the sense of touch.

TAH

total abdominal hysterectomy

targeted biological therapies

Therapies that target specific cellular processes in abnormal cells without harming healthy cells.

TATT

tired all the time’

TB

The abbreviation for tuberculosis, an infectious disease.

TBI

An abbreviation for total body irradiation, a type of radiotherapy given to the whole body to destroy bone marrow cells in preparation for stem cell or bone marrow transplantation.

TCA

An abbreviation for tricyclic antidepressant drug.

telangiectasia

Small red spots or spidery lines on the skin due to enlarged capillaries.

telemedicine

Telephone or internet use to obtain advice from experts at another site.

telestroke

Telephone or internet use to obtain advice in the treatment of stroke from experts at another site.

telogen effluvium

A form of non-scarring alopcia characterised by extreme hair loss.

temporal

A medical term meaning of or near the temples.

temporal arteritis

An uncommon disease, usually affecting older people, in which the walls of the arteries in the scalp over the temples become inflamed.

temporal lobe

A part of the brain at the side of the head, beneath the temples, and responsible for the interpretation of hearing as well as speech, language, memory and other perceptions.

temporomandibular joint

The joint between the lower jaw bone and the skull.

tenesmus

The frequent need to defecate, or pass stool, while passing no faeces or only a small amount.

tenotomy

The surgical cutting of a tendon.

tension headache

A type of headache due to tightness of the muscles of the neck and scalp when someone feels stressed.

teratoma

A rare tumour containing many different types of cell

testes

The male sex organs, also called testicles,
that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone.