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D&C

Dilatation and curettage, a procedure involving widening the cervix to insert a spoon-shaped instrument to scrape out the contents or lining of the uterus.

D-dimer

A small protein fragment present in the blood after a blood clot.

D-dimer test

A laboratory test that examines the blood-clotting mechanism of the body.

Da Costa’s syndrome

A set of symptoms similar to those of heart disease, including chest pain and shortness of breath, without underlying physical abnormalities. It is due to anxiety.

dacrocystitis

Infection of the tear duct.

Darier's disease

A rare genetic disorder predominantly characterised by skin changes.

de Quervain's tenosynovitis

An inflammatory condition of two specific tendons that pass around the wrist as theyleave the forearm to enter the base of the thumb.

debridement

The medical removal of dead or infected tissue to improve the health of the remaining tissue.

debulk

To remove a tumour.

declarative memory

The part of the memory that stores facts and remembers what happened when and where.

decongestant

A medication that helps to relieve congestion in the nose.

deep vein thrombosis

Obstruction of one of the deep veins, often in the calf, by a blood clot. Often abbreviated to DVT.

defecation

the removal of faeces from the body.

defibrillate

To restore normal heart rhythm in cases of cardiac arrest by giving a controlled electric shock.

defibrillation

Giving a controlled electric shock to restore normal heart rhythm in cases of cardiac arrest.

defibrillator

A device used for defibrillation, which involves giving a controlled electric shock to restore normal heart rhythm in cases of cardiac arrest.

defibrillators

Devices used for defibrillation, which involves giving a controlled electric shock to restore normal heart rhythm in cases of cardiac arrest.

degeneration of fibroid

Degeneration, or cell death, of a fibroid occurs when there is an insufficent blood supply to the fibroid.

dehydration

Water deficiency in the body.

delirium

A pathological state of over-excitement and confusion.

delirium tremens

A type of psychosis due to acute withdrawal of previously heavy alcohol consumption and featuring confusion, hallucinations, disorientation and agitation.

deltoid

A muscle forming the rounded part of the outer shoulder.

dementia

Decline in mental capacity, brain functioning and memory that affects day-to-day living.

dementia with Lewy Bodies

Disruption of brain function caused by abnormal protein deposits in brain cells. Leads to trembling and muscle stiffness, as well as memory loss.